Choosing the perfect stainless steel cookware set is not an easy task. The number of cookware brands is increasing every day due to the high demand of good quality materials. So a proper knowledge of different cookware materials is required for appropriate choice depending on the budget. One of the most important cookware sets includes stainless steel sets which are used in every kitchen nowadays. Best rated stainless steel cookware is a durable and shiny gear for every kitchen. It is a top choice of professional chefs because it does not react with acidic foods which bring healthy cooking into your kitchen.
Top 10 Bestselling Stainless Steel Cookware
Cook N Home 12-Piece Stainless Steel Set
This 12-Piece stainless steel cookware set includes a 1.1/2-Quart saucepan with lid; 1.1/2-Quart casserole with lid; 2-Quart casserole with lid; 3-Quart casserole with lid; a 5.1/2-Quart stockpot with lid; 10-Inch fry pan with lid. The weight of the cookware is light in weight so it is easy to carry. This set is very durable as it will not easily burn or discolor with excessive usage. Temperature is a very important aspect as we can cook food at a lower temperature with this cookware set as compared to other traditional sets.
The products look very shiny as they have mirror-polished stainless steel construction both on the interior as well as the exterior side. The stainless steel bottom layers housed a layered aluminum disc for even heat distribution. They are suitable for gas, electric, ceramic and glass stoves which impart to their versatility. But this cookware set is not compatible with quality induction cooktops. The handles are also made of stainless steel and riveted to the pots and pans so it provides a comfortable grip. The lids are made of tempered glass which provides a clear view of your food while cooking and also adds to its quality.
The pieces are also dishwasher-safe. The price of the cookware set is very much affordable so it is a strongest selling point. Also, with such a reasonable range quality of the cookware is very good enough. Cleaning of the pans is also very easy. The set has a good array of sizes from small to big pots which is very beneficial and are easy to store. The basic suggestion for the users is to handle and cook food carefully so that food should not stick to the pans or frypan.
Cuisinart MCP-12N MultiClad Pro Stainless Steel 12-Piece Cookware Set
This cuisinart stainless steel cookware set consists of 1-1/2- and 3-quart covered saucepans; 8- and 10-inch open skillets; 3-1/2-quart covered sauté pan; 8-quart covered stockpot; steamer insert with lid. 12 pieces total. It is constructed of the finest materials available to perfectly perform all of the classic cooking techniques. The products are equipped with great quality and are designed to meet the demands of gourmet chefs everywhere. The handle design is very good for a more distinguished look. The new handles provide a modern and professional style while maintaining a comfortable and controlled grip.
There is a precise temperature control with these sets while cooking because aluminum core heats and cools quickly. Perfectly sautéing vegetables, browning meats, or boiling several servings of pasta and different variety of foods can be prepared easily. The best feature is that stainless steel cooking surface does not react with food or alter food flavors. These sets are great for classic cooking techniques like sautéing, frying, browning, searing and slowly simmering delicious sauces. So users should handle the cookware sets carefully for proper usage.
T-fal C836SA Ultimate Stainless Steel Copper Bottom Cookware Set, 10-Pieces, Silver
This ultimate stainless steel 12-piece cookware set is constructed of long lasting stainless steel with a contemporary design. The stainless steel base is multi-layered and it encapsulates a thick-gauge aluminum core to deliver optimal heat distribution and prevent warping. Glass lids provide the opportunity to watch food cooking. This set is dishwasher safe and oven safe to 500 degrees so we can easily cook food with great versatility. It offers great quality at quite an affordable price unlike some products on the market.
The set has a modern stylish design and is made of durable stainless steel. Users are recommended to take proper care because these products are even dangerous in some cases- for example if scratched by a metal spoon it will take out healthy fats out of our diet. With these stainless steel pots, we do not need to use very high heat. The best way to use these products is to first heat the pan for a few seconds then add the oil or butter that will avoid sticking the food to the pan. It is safe for oven temperatures up to 500 degrees Fahrenheit or on gas or electric stoves and all parts are safe to be put in the dishwasher so they are very easy to clean.
This is a super solid set that handle frequent everyday use, even in restaurant kitchens. The amount of time and effort which we put in our daily cooking will be reduced by this great set and our meals will take less time to cook. The pieces of the set are quite thick and solidly built. The price level of the T-Fal cookware set is also reasonable considering all that we are getting good quality. So users should handle these cookware designs with care.
Heim Concept 12-Piece Stainless Steel Cookware Set with Glass Lid, Silver
This high quality Heim concept 12-piece stainless steel cookware set consists of: 10.5-inch Fry pan with lid, 1.75-quart Saucepan with lid, 1.75-quart Casserole with lid, 2.25-quart Casserole with lid, 3.25-quart Casserole with lid, 5.75-quart Casserole with lid. The size is good enough for family use, cook great and easy to clean. Unlike other traditional sets, these products do not start to peel. It is one of the best stainless steel pans for the price. This set has everything that we will need all in a single set. Handles are rounded for a superior grip, and the hollow style and design diminished the excess weight.
It is really a fantastic-seeking set of cookware, with a brushed finish on the sides. The pots heat up incredibly quickly because the steel is these types of products is an excellent conductor. It is pretty nice set with a better quality. It’s an 18/10 stainless steel cookware, which has a composition of 18% chromium and 10% nickel. This is high-grade steel that’s often used in fine cutlery and high-quality cookware. These are lightweight and have a nice brush stainless steel finish.
Handle are well rivet and lids are see through with steam escape hole. Lids handle are able to keep heat away, so we can pick up the lid without worrying about burning our hand. Even boiling food for a while the lid handle get warm but never hot to touch. The products of this set also have small like notch to place your thumb while handling the pots. The 6 different size pots and pans have a good spread of size. So user should handle these products carefully for more durability.
Cooks Standard NC-00391 11-Piece Classic Stainless-Steel Cookware Set
This set consists of 1.5-Quart covered saucepan; 3-Quart covered saucepan; 10-inch open skillet; 6-Quart covered stockpot; universal steamer insert include a cover; 5-Quart covered Deep Sauté Pan with help handle. 1-1/2-Quart covered saucepan measures 14 by 7 by 4 Inch. 3-Quart covered saucepan measures 14-1/2 by 8 by 5 Inch. 10-inch open stainless steel skillet measures 18 by 11 by 2.5 Inch. 6-Quart covered stockpot measures 14-1/2 by 10 by 5.5 Inch. A universal steamer insert measures 12-1/2 by 8-1/2 by 6 Inch. fit both 1.5QT and 3QT; 5-Quart covered Sauté Pan measures 21 by 11.5 by 4 Inch.
The model is superb and flawless. This is beyond top quality. It is solid with feel and it looks great. The users should start with low heat, oil the pan and should increase heat till medium flame. “Impact Bonding” technology is advanced method to apply aluminum disc to the bottom of cookware for even heat distribution. Patent design with air-flow technology keeps the handle cooler and more comfortable to hold when cooking on the stovetop. It’s interior is 18-10 grade stainless steel with aluminum disc in bottom for even heat distribution, magnetic stainless bottom design for induction use.
Cookware is suitable for all type of stove, gas, electricity, ceramic top, include induction. This cookware set is also dishwasher safe. It is oven safe to 500F but glass lid is not suitable for oven use. For the quality, it is a reasonably-priced cookware set. Stainless steel pans has a food stickiness problem so users should cook food with proper instructions. They are easy to clean up. Buyers are recommend to soak the pieces with boiling water to remove the residues. The cookware set is sturdy in its construction. So users should handle the cookware set with proper care.
Top 5 Bestselling Stainless Steel Cookware
Duxtop Professional Stainless-steel 17-piece Induction Ready Cookware Set Impact-bonded
The set includes 8 and 10-inch fry pans;1.6-quart, 2.5-quart sauce pans with lids; 4.2-quart casserole with lid; 8.6-quart stock pot with lid; 5.5-quart sauté pan with helper and lid; boiler basket and steamer basket; 3pcs kitchen tools including spoon, slotted turner 2-prong fork. It is constructed with 18/10 commercial grade stainless steel, heavy gauge impact-bonded aluminum encapsulated bottom, build to last for a life time. It has ergonomically shaped handle with anti-slippery satin finish, the handle is riveted to pan provide durability.
It is suitable for all cooking source, electric, gas, infrared, induction stove or glass and ceramic cooktop. These products are dishwasher-safe and oven-safe to 550 degrees F. This high-quality range of products are even freezer safe for food storage. They have a lifetime limited warranty. Duxtop Professional set has measuring marks inside the pots for convenience. It works great for the times when we need more exact volume measurements for our dishes. This stainless steel frying pans have sides that are higher than usual. This makes it less likely for food to spill when we turning our food while cooking.
The pieces have a shiny exterior that make them look attractive. While stylish, they are also functional as they heat up quickly and evenly with a heavy gauge aluminum encapsulated bottom. These products are not so light in weight so they can be handled easily. So users should handle these cookware designs with care.
Cooks Standard NC-00232 12-Piece Multi-Ply Clad Stainless-Steel Cookware Set
This 12-piece set include 1.5-quart sauce pan with lid, 3-quart sauce pan with lid, 8-inch steamer insert pan fit both 1.5-quart sauce pan and 3-quart saucepan, steamer with lid. This lid can also fit 8-inch sauté Pan, 8-inch sauté pan, 10-inch sauté pan, 8-quart stockpot with stainless steel lid and include an 11-inch deep sauté pan 5-quart with 11-inch lid. The cookware is equipped with solid stainless-steel handles which are riveted for strength and provide an open v-shaped design with air-flow technology that keeps the handle cooler than a traditional handle. Cookware is safe to use in the oven also.
The rivets of the cookware are made from stainless steel while others will have aluminum rivets for the easy heat conduction. This multi-ply set is excellent in their performance. The set is made from the stainless steel which makes them highly durable, easy to use and is perfect for cooking. Another feature which one will love about this cookware is that it comes with the non-stick feature which allows one to cook food without getting stuck to the pan, especially those foods in which one wants to avoid the use of oil. You can also use the best ceramic cookware.
Multi-Ply Clad metal construction is a combination of 18/10 stainless steel with a multi-element aluminum core that creates a permanent bond of metal, so heat passes through the whole pan body from the bottom up the side walls Outer layer is magnetic stainless steel design which is compatible with induction stovetops. Every pan and pot in these sets has a flared rim which is very important drip-free pouring. So those who are looking for cookware which may not require a lot of hard work when comes to washing, then they can easily go for this set since they are dishwasher safe. Cookware is made from natural material and it will refrain from scratches, dents and other types of damages which may happen in the dishwasher. So buyers should take proper care without handling.
Farberware Classic Stainless Steel 10-Piece Cookware Set
This farberware stainless steel cookware combines today’s technology with the iconic style and quality. The heavy-gauge stainless steel of these products is polished to a mirror finish. There’s a thick aluminum core base fully surrounded by stainless steel on the saucepans, saucepot, and stockpot, which promotes rapid and even heating. Glass lids are shatter resistant with their eye-catching dome shaped knobs. Phenolic handles with their iconic styling are heat resistant on the stove top so these are very safe.
Farberware Classic provides maximum durability and performance. This wonderful set is perfect for large family meals like spaghetti with meatballs, a big pot of chicken noodle soup, or Beef Stroganoff, these pots and pans also come in handy for making solo meals. This set includes essential pieces needed for both everyday meals and holiday feasts. Today, Farberware continues to be a pioneer in the world of cookware by delivering exciting products that combine the technology of today with the traits Farberware consumers trust. Evolving through the years with the needs of the home chef.
Farberware provides cookware for all our needs in the kitchen. This set provides options for all your cookware needs, assuring the same success and delight that has been enjoyed for generations. So those who are looking for cookware which may not require a lot of hard work when comes to washing, then they can easily go for this set since they are dishwasher safe. Buyers should handle these products with proper care.
T-fal E469SC Tri-ply Stainless Steel Multi-clad Dishwasher Safe Oven Safe Cookware Set, 12-Piece, Silver
This all clad stainless steel cookware set is made to please the most demanding cooks, this collection features a professional tri-ply bonded stainless steel and aluminum construction with an easy to clean, high polished stainless finish. The wide ergonomically designed handle rests comfortably in our hand for ultimate leverage and control. The pans also feature a top-notch rim that keeps spills and drips to a minimum therefore it reduces the mess of pouring. The Pro-Clad cookware is oven safe up to 550F and has tempered glass lids to monitor cooking progress.
The 12 piece set includes a selection of all the key pieces – 10-Inch fry pan, 8-Inch fry pan, 1.5-quart saucepan with lid, 2.5-quart saucepan with lid, 3-quart sauté pan with lid, steamer insert, 6-quart dutch oven with lid and universal splatter screen. It is easy to clean and needs only a reasonable amount of care to maintain. It is always recommended to follow the instructions and advised to use only medium heat, the pans function well and clean up with no issues. The discoloration or stubborn bits can be removed with any normal cleaning agent. Soaking a used pot with vinegar and warm water to get rid of any discoloration is a good method.
Emeril Pro-Clad cookware can be used in the oven without damage to a temperature up to 550 degrees F. Lids that are made of tempered glass are safe up to 350F. This cookware is also dishwasher safe but hand washing is always the best way to maintain the shine of stainless steel. Even this cookware is suitable for all stove tops including induction. It comes with a lifetime warranty against defects which is an important benefit. So this stainless steel set is an excellent choice for the home kitchen because of it’s quality and performance.
Calphalon Classic Stainless Steel Cookware, Set, 10-Piece
This classic set is a part of the Calphalon brand’s collection of everyday cookware and it gives the best quality stainless steel cookware. It is designed for beginners and expert cooks alike, this is a set that includes a wide range of cookware pieces to accommodate all of our cooking needs. The Classic Calphalon Stainless Steel line is available in a 10-piece and 14-piece set. Each set includes the following pieces- includes 8-inch Fry Pan, 10-inch Fry Pan, 1 1/2-quart Sauce Pan and Cover, 2 1/2-quart Sauce Pan and Cover, 3-quart Sauté Pan and Cover , and 6-quart Stock Pot and Cover.
The products are built to last with time saving features. They are designed for durability and easy, everyday cooking. Fill lines in them make measuring easy, and covers have straining holes that line up with pour spouts to drain liquids without having to use a separate colander. Pans are made from brushed stainless steel with impact- bonded aluminum bases for fast, even heating, and are dishwasher safe for easy cleanup.
The durable, non-porous surface is safe for use with all utensils and excellent for browning and producing fond for superb pan sauces. Some stainless steel pots and pans won’t work with induction cooktops, but Calphalon Classic features bases designed to work with induction ranges, giving you more options in the kitchen. This Cookware is constructed from durable stainless steel that makes it dishwasher safe. They are oven safe, so you can finish covered dishes in the oven or keep them warm until you’re ready to serve. The domed design returns moisture to food. Wide metal bands strengthen and stabilize the lids. So this is a solid cookware set which provides great versatility.
CHOOSING BEST STAINLESS STEEL COOKWARE
Buying a cookware set is much more complicated than earlier because these days the enormous range of pots and pans are available in the market with excellent features. So appropriate knowledge of the brands and their products is required for a better choice. So with all this in mind we should eventually decide which type of cookware to buy keeping within our budget. Some of the top rated stainless steel cookware brands have been discussed earlier.
There are certain things you need to consider when choosing a cookware set for our kitchen. These are-
Heat conductivity – Some metals are better heat conductors than others. For example, copper is a good heat conductor whereas stainless steel is not. So we should consider the heat conduction capacity of the cookware set.
Price – Price of the cookware set which we are buying is the most important determining factor. The rule of thumb with cookware is to buy the best you can afford.
Handles and lids- We should examine handles and lids and make sure that they are solid and durable. They must provide secure and easy grip so as to work in a comfortable manner.
Cool-touch – Handles should be equipped with a quality of remaining cool so that buyers can easily work with the pots and pans.
Durability – Some types of cookware will maintain their good looks and last longer than others. Stainless steel is known to be one of the best in this respect that even after so much extensive use these products maintain their durability.
Thickness- The pots and pans must have the minimum required thickness. For aluminum core metal cookware, a thickness between 3.0 mm to 5.0 mm is considered ideal for even heat distribution.
Reactivity – Some metals react with certain foods. So while buying a cookware set we should make sure that it should not contain any chemicals or metallic compounds which makes our food unhygienic.
Maintenance – We should consider the amount of maintenance required to keep the cookware set we are buying in a tip-top shape. Stainless steel is normally a little easier to look after rather than other materials such as copper and aluminum.
Another thing which we need to consider is the grades of stainless steel. Some of the important features of stainless steel to be considered are-
- contains no nickel
- rust resistant
- will not hold up or clean as well as 18/8 or 18/10
- less expensive / great for a starter set
- better shine
- doesn’t react with foods / healthy
So we should look for stainless steel that is bonded with copper or aluminum to make it a good conductor of heat. It is important to understand the properties and characteristics of cookware and the different materials they are made of. You can read best copper cookware reviews to know more about copper cookware.
What is the best stainless steel cookware?
Stainless steel cookware is the first line of choice when it comes to cookware of many professional cooks as well as home-makers. During the manufacturing process, when stainless steel is wrapped around an aluminum or copper core, it gets heated up evenly on gas or electric stovetops. The best point is that it usually do the best job of browning food and can be used to create delicious sauces.
Best stainless steel pots and pans keep their condition for years. So for an even better steel experience, we should look for pans where the plating extends over the sides as well as the bottom. This will ensure even browning on the sides of our food when pressed against the side of the pan, and will help protect our stainless steel when cooking on gas ranges such as induction cooktops and stoves. Finally, testing of the handles of these products is required thoroughly before purchase. Their construction should be solid, and they should be heat-resistant to protect us from injury.
Benefits of Stainless Steel Cookware
Unlike Teflon-coated pans, stainless steel will not wear away over time. We can use any utensil on these pans and need not worry about the cracking of the surface. The non-porous nature of stainless steel does not allow any substance to penetrate. So it brings home a healthy cooking method. Stainless steel is uncoated and, therefore, allows nothing to get into our food. Stainless steel cookware is carefree, but there are a few tips you should follow in order to ensure your cookware lasts a lifetime:
- Before using our cookware for the first time, we should wash it well in warm soapy water.
- We should never store foods in our cookware.
- Although most stainless steel cookware is dishwasher safe but it is preferable to hand wash in warm soapy water and hand dry to maintain a beautiful shine.
- We should not use harsh scourers that could scratch our cookware. We should look for a stainless steel cleaner which will protect its surface from ruining.
Buyers are recommended to use more quantity of oil or butter for better cooking and to prevent food from clinging because food sticks more easily to stainless and is harder to clean. In essence, now we will be confident to buy the top stainless steel cookware. There are other good cookware like Scanpan which you can buy. You can read Scanpan reviews before buying it from the market.
Good design, proper cleaning, and durability for the lifetime come together to make the stainless collection cookware most popular. It features innovative bonded construction combining an interior layer of aluminum for even heating and a stainless cooking surface for optimum culinary performance. Stainless steel is the most common type of cookware materials. It is probably found in most households. It is an alloy of metals including steel, carbon and chromium.
Stainless steel cookware products have a layer of copper or aluminum which is molded between two layers of steel. The reason that stainless steel is called ‘stainless’ is because it helps in resisting corrosion. Stainless steel is an excellent choice for cookware but because of its inability to conduct heat well it is important that you choose the right stainless steel cookware that has an aluminum or copper core. There are different grades of the stainless steel. The “grade” of stainless steel refers to its quality and temperature resistance. The numbers (18/8, 18/10, etc.) are the composition of the stainless steel and refer to the amount of chromium and nickel (respectively) in the product so different grades provide more quality.
Some of the features which are required in these sets are high heat conductivity for proper and even distribution of heat, durability of the cookware sets even after extensive usage, reactivity of material used to make these cookware sets so that food should remain free from any toxic material. There are various stainless steel cookwares available in the market with different designs and features at every price range but our aim is to grab the best stainless steel cookware sets. Stainless cookware is found in most homes and considered to be the most common type of cookware materials. It is commonly called ‘stainless’ because of its capacity to withstand corrosion. Stainless steel is one of the most common materials found in kitchens today. It’s used in everything from appliances to cookware, dish ware, flatware, and utensils. Major advantages of these products are that they are durable, dishwasher safe, inexpensive for basic models. They are scratch resistant, keeps their shiny look for a longer time and doesn’t react with foods. The major disadvantage is that it is not a good conductor of heat.
In the present scenario, an out sized selection of cookware can be procured from kitchen suppliers, of which cast iron vessels encompass only a minimal fraction of it. However, keeping in hand the advantages, the durability and dependability of cast iron as a cooking tool has ensured its survival. Thus, the culinary market still witnesses’ cast iron cookware. Looking into its advantages, it is highly recommended by most cooks and chefs as an indispensable component of any kitchen decor.
Best Cast iron cookware has a higher tendency to withstand and maintain very high cooking temperatures and acts as a common choice to fry food items. It’s one of the most commonly used kitchen tools. It’s the perfect vessel to cook up a great pork chop, crisp up some chicken chunks or even bake lip-smacking chocolate brownies. Cast iron cookware is as tough as nails and doesn’t ruin easily. Moreover, if it is seasoned then you can even store them directly placing in each other. In a properly seasoned cast iron pan, one that has been rubbed with oil and heated repeatedly, the oil has already broken down into a plastic-like substance that has bonded to the surface of the metal. This is what gives well-seasoned cast iron its top non-stick cookware properties, and as the material is no longer actually oil, the surfactants in dish soap do not affect it. One should go ahead, soap it up and scrub it out at you convenience. Seasoning is a process by which a layer of animal fat or vegetable oil is applied and cooked onto cast iron or carbon steel cookware. New cookware should be vigorously washed in hot water with a strong detergent to remove any casting oils from the cookware’s surface. The seasoning layer protects the cookware from rusting, provides a non-stick surface for cooking, and prevents food from interacting with the iron of the pan. However, recurrent use of acidic foods like tomato sauce will remove the seasoning and the cookware requires frequent re-seasoning.
The cleaning strategy for the best cast iron cookware is a bit unique. Some die-hard fans of cast iron utensils never clean them at all. They simply wipe them out after use, or at the maximum wash them with lukewarm water and a stiff brush. A few others, advice washing with mild soap and water, and then re-apply a thin layer of fat or oil. Finally, the easiest way of cleaning is to scrub with kosher salt and a paper towel or clean rag. A seasoned cast iron skillet is utterly smooth, shiny, and non-stick. One would easily come to know that the time has come to re-season if food sticks to the surface or if the skillet appears dull or rusted. On top of it, cooking with cast iron helps in-takers to get more iron in their diet in order to build red blood cells in more number. Even it is the wise recommendation of a doctor that patients suffering from anemia should cook their food with cast iron.
Nothing sustains forever in this world. But if one takes excessive and consistent care then as per the thumb rule the product can last longer. There are certain rules, one need to be cognizant for a successful lifelong relationship with your cast iron.
- To season your pan, heat it up on the stovetop until it’s smoking hot, rub a little oil into it and let it cool. Repeat this process, a couple of times and you’re all set to go.
- Cleaning up of the good cast iron skillet thoroughly after each use by washing it with soap and water and scrubbing out any debris from the bottom is highly recommended. I use the scrubby side of a sponge for this.
- Rinsing out of excess soap with water, then place the skillet over a burner set to high heat. When most of the water inside the skillet has dried out, add a half teaspoon of vegetable, canola or flaxseed oil. Rub it around with a paper towel. Continue heating the pan until it starts smoking. Let the cast iron skillet cool down and thus, ready for use.
- Just utilize your skillet to the maximum! The more you fry, sear, or bake in cast iron skillet; the better would be the seasoning of it.
- Water, the source of life, is the natural enemy of iron. Even a single drop of water resting in the cast iron skillet would lead to rust. It is a strong advice to dry out the skillet with a paper towel and coat it with a tiny amount of oil before it is replaced for storage.
Issues About Cooking With Stainless Steel
Many people think it’s dangerous to cook with anything made of steel or iron. That may be true, but only to some – and mostly insignificant – extent. While it is true that nickel can be toxic, that only happens when it is present in large quantities. Stainless steel cookware sets contain nickel but there’s only a small amount, and only trace amounts of it go into the food, hardly anything to worry about. If you have certain allergies to some alloys or elements, however, you’d be wise to be more careful in selecting which stainless steel cookware set you should purchase. Also, you should be a conscientious and mindful owner, cleaning and caring for the pots and pans and be making sure they aren’t abraded, scratched, or dinged such that the metals or alloys become more vulnerable to transferring to the food.
Here’s the bottom line: compared to other cooking implements and cookwares out there, stainless steel cookware sets are still one of the safest. Combined with proper care and maintenance on your part, there is no reason why you should be afraid that cooking with stainless steel will lead to health problems and complications in the future.
Stainless steel cookware sets are, for lack of a better term, a steal. Not only will you be cooking in style, you’ll also be provided with all the conveniences of using, maintaining, and storing your pots and pans.
1. “Maintenance of Stainless Steel Products”. 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2013.
2. Moneypenny, J.H.G. (1921). “Unstainable Steel”. Mining and Scientific Press. Retrieved 17 February 2013.